Tag Archives: Grammar

Sokkal + -bb

One of the mistakes my students tend to make (almost all of them) is with adjectives.

When they want to say “a lot bigger” or “much smaller” they say “nagyon nagyobb, nagyon kisebb”, and this is incorrect.

The following picture shows you that the proper form here is “sokkal nagyobb, sokkal kisebb”.

 

Angela

 

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The possessive singular – Part 2.

 

Have a look at the beginning of this lesson: The possessive singular – part 1.

 

 

Possessive singular in Hungarian

 

So how do you say that you possess something? How would you say that have got a dog or a cat or a house?

The verb “van” is used to express the existence.

Use “Van egy” in these sentences with the appropriate possessive ending on the object:

 

“Van egy kutyám.” means “I have a dog”.

“Van egy kutyád.” means “you have a dog”.

etc.

 

 

 

What if you want to say you do not have something? Use the negation of “van”. There is no such an expression in Hungarian like “nem van”, instead of this we use another word: “Nincs”. This word (which means “there is not” and is used to deny the existence of something) you will use without the article “egy” in the following sentences.

 

 

You can emphasize the owner/possessor by adding the following declined pronouns:

nekem – for me

neked – for you

neki – for him/her

 

nekünk – for us

nektek – for you pl.

nekik – for them

 

Remember, it is not neccessary to use these declined pronouns, but you can. Sometimes you need to emphasize as in the following example where two children are having an argument over a ball.

Van egy labdám. – I have got a ball.

Nem! Nekem van egy labdám! – No, it is me, who has got a ball. (No, I have a ball!)

 

 

Or you can emphasize that you don’t have something.

 

Tudom, hogy van egy labdád. – I know, that you have got a ball.

Nekem nincs labdám! – I do not have a ball!!

 

Next time we will learn the possessive of nouns that end in consonants!!!

 

Exercise:

 

How would you translate?

1. I have a cat.

2. Do you have an apple? (remember, yes or no questions have the same word order as declarative sentences!)

3. They don’t have a radio

4. We have a red ball.

5. She has a grandchild.

6. You (pl.) don’t have a Hungarian lesson today.

 

 

Do you have any questions? Ask below in a comment.

The possessive singular – part 2.

I know it took me a bit long to write this blogpost. But as Hungarians say:

Jobb később, mint soha!

/Better late, than never 🙂 literally: better later, than never/

 

In part 1 you learned the possessive of nouns ending in a vowel. Now let’s see those ending in a consonant.

 

testverek

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The possessive singular – part 1.

This is a post in English, because if you want to learn the possessive singular, you must be a beginner 🙂

 

Possessive case in Hungarian is expressed mainly by personal endings attached to the end of the nouns.

 

In this post you’ll learn about the singular possessive which means one has one thing and not more of them.

 

E.g. in English:

John’s hat – singular possessive (one single hat he has)

John’s hats – plural possessive (2 or more hats he has)

 

 

In the table below you can see the endings for the possessive (which are very similar to the verbal endings in definite conjugation).

 

possessive singular endings in Hungarian

 

Before we continue you have to make sure that you are familiar with the front vowels and back vowels in Hungarian language. Vowel harmony is there everywhere!

 

In bold letters you can see the basic ending that have to be attached in each case. Below each one of them in brackets you can find other options as well.

 

Let’s see what it means!

 

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Ha volna két életem – feltételes mód

Ismét egy nagyon ismert és szép magyar dalt mutatok be neked 🙂 Töltsd ki az alábbi dalszöveget a feltételes módú igealakokkal! Alatta egy kis nyelvtant is találsz 🙂

Again I have brought to you a well known and beautiful Hungarian song. Fill in the lyrics below with the conditional forms of the verbs. You can find some grammar below 🙂

 

Piramis: Ha volna két életem

 

TOVÁBB A DALHOZ ÉS A FELTÉTELES MÓDHOZ, CONTINUE TO THE SONG AND THE CONDITIONAL

Hány óra van? Mennyi az idő? 1. — What time is it? 1.

 

Először nézzük az időkifejezés könnyű módjait, utána a nehezebbeket! 🙂 /egy következő bejegyzésben/

First let’s see the easier ways of telling the time and then the more complicated ones 🙂 /in another post/

 

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CONTINUE TO BLOGPOST, TOVÁBB A BEJEGYZÉSHEZ

Verb conjugation 2 – the -ik verbs

 

If you have read my previous post on verb, you already know the basic and most common verb conjugation (verb conjugation 1) in Hungarian.

 

Now let’s see another type of verbs. These verbs caused me a lot of problem as a child, because they need an additional -ik only in the 3rd person form. Children tend to overgenerize, what means if they learn a rule, they apply it everywhere. At around age 4 I knew, that some verbs needed the -ik. So what did I do? I added it to all verbs! My mom told me, not to do that. So what did I do after that? I left it out everywhere, even in the verbs that needed it 🙂 You see, it is not easy for children either 🙂

 

E.g. the verb “ül” (to sit) does not have an -ik an, but the verb “játszik” (to play) does. So I would start saying “ülik” which is nonsense in this case. After my mom told me not to do that, I started saying word like “játsz” which is also nonsense in this case.

 

Ok, that was my little story, and now let here stand your story 🙂

 

What you need to know is that there are just a few verbs that take -ik in the 3rd person. You will be able to learn them as they come along the way.

 

Click below to continue and you will read why these verbs are different and which are these verbs.

 

-ik verbs in Hungarian

-ik verbs in Hungarian

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