Tag Archives: beginner

The possessive singular – part 1.

This is a post in English, because if you want to learn the possessive singular, you must be a beginner 🙂

 

Possessive case in Hungarian is expressed mainly by personal endings attached to the end of the nouns.

 

In this post you’ll learn about the singular possessive which means one has one thing and not more of them.

 

E.g. in English:

John’s hat – singular possessive (one single hat he has)

John’s hats – plural possessive (2 or more hats he has)

 

 

In the table below you can see the endings for the possessive (which are very similar to the verbal endings in definite conjugation).

 

possessive singular endings in Hungarian

 

Before we continue you have to make sure that you are familiar with the front vowels and back vowels in Hungarian language. Vowel harmony is there everywhere!

 

In bold letters you can see the basic ending that have to be attached in each case. Below each one of them in brackets you can find other options as well.

 

Let’s see what it means!

 

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Tavasz kezdőknek – spring for beginners

A tavasz hónapjai a március, április, május.

Tavasz Learn Hungarian online, magyar nyelv

 

A tavasz az egyik legszebb évszak, mert felébred a természet. Virágoznak a fák és nyílnak a virágok. Megjelennek a bogarak, rovarok, előjönnek az állatok.

 

Idén szokatlan a tavasz. A “szeszélyes április” helyett meleg, nyárias időnk volt, viszont a május hideg, esős, változékony. Szükségünk van esernyőre vagy esőkabátra, vastagabb ruhákra.

 

Márciusban megérkeztek a gólyák is. Fészkeikben tojásokat raktak és kikelnek a kis gólyák. A gólyafészkek általában magas villanypóznákon vagy kéményeken láthatóak.

tavasz gólyák, Learn Hungarian, magyar nyelv

 

Tavasszal szeretünk többet kint sétálni (ha süt a nap és szép az idő), de sajnos ilyenkor megjelenik az allergia is.

tavasz allergia, Learn Hungarian, magyar nyelv

 

Tanuljunk még néhány szót a tavaszról a folytatásban!

 

Születésnap magyarul – birthday in Hungarian

 

Ma van a szülinapom-pom-pom, pompororompom, ezért arra gondoltam, írok Nektek a magyar születésnapi dalokról, köszöntésekről, szokásokról 🙂

Ez egy magyar-angol bejegyzés.

 

Today is my birthday, so I thought about writing about Hungarian birthday songs, greetings and habits 🙂

This is a Hungarian-English post.

 

születésnapi torta

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Hány óra van? Mennyi az idő? 1. — What time is it? 1.

 

Először nézzük az időkifejezés könnyű módjait, utána a nehezebbeket! 🙂 /egy következő bejegyzésben/

First let’s see the easier ways of telling the time and then the more complicated ones 🙂 /in another post/

 

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Verb conjugation 3 – verbs that break vowel harmony

As you already know, vowel harmony is especially important in Hungarian. It is there… everywhere!
So let us repeat the main rules:

  • words containing back vowels (a, á, o, ó, u, ú) take endings with back vowels
  • words containing front vowels take endings with front vowels (e, é, i, í, ö, ő, ü, ű)

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Verb conjugation 2 – the -ik verbs

 

If you have read my previous post on verb, you already know the basic and most common verb conjugation (verb conjugation 1) in Hungarian.

 

Now let’s see another type of verbs. These verbs caused me a lot of problem as a child, because they need an additional -ik only in the 3rd person form. Children tend to overgenerize, what means if they learn a rule, they apply it everywhere. At around age 4 I knew, that some verbs needed the -ik. So what did I do? I added it to all verbs! My mom told me, not to do that. So what did I do after that? I left it out everywhere, even in the verbs that needed it 🙂 You see, it is not easy for children either 🙂

 

E.g. the verb “ül” (to sit) does not have an -ik an, but the verb “játszik” (to play) does. So I would start saying “ülik” which is nonsense in this case. After my mom told me not to do that, I started saying word like “játsz” which is also nonsense in this case.

 

Ok, that was my little story, and now let here stand your story 🙂

 

What you need to know is that there are just a few verbs that take -ik in the 3rd person. You will be able to learn them as they come along the way.

 

Click below to continue and you will read why these verbs are different and which are these verbs.

 

-ik verbs in Hungarian

-ik verbs in Hungarian

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Mögül – Mögött – Mögé —- The 3 directions of postpositions

In this post you will read about postpositions (for adverbs of place). This is rather a beginner topic but I posted it in intermediate as well.

The origin of the prefix post- if from Latin and means “after”, “behind”. Postpositions will always be in a sentence after the noun/pronoun that they modify. This role is taken by prepositions in English (pre- means “before”).

Each language is unique as to what they have more tools to express. Grammatically Hungarian has only two tenses: a past tense and a present tense (future is expressed with forms of present). Nothing special there. The interesting and important in a language is never what they cannot express (we could argue long if there is such a thing at all that there is sg. languages cannot express), but what they can. Would anyone say Hungarian is so simple just because it does not have so many tenses? I don’t think so 🙂

Our language cares more about several other things, for example, the 3 directions:

 

Honnan? – Where from?
Hol? – Where?
Hová?/Hova? – Where to?

And this is not different with the postpositions either:

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