The possessive singular – part 1.

This is a post in English, because if you want to learn the possessive singular, you must be a beginner 🙂

 

Possessive case in Hungarian is expressed mainly by personal endings attached to the end of the nouns.

 

In this post you’ll learn about the singular possessive which means one has one thing and not more of them.

 

E.g. in English:

John’s hat – singular possessive (one single hat he has)

John’s hats – plural possessive (2 or more hats he has)

 

 

In the table below you can see the endings for the possessive (which are very similar to the verbal endings in definite conjugation).

 

possessive singular endings in Hungarian

 

Before we continue you have to make sure that you are familiar with the front vowels and back vowels in Hungarian language. Vowel harmony is there everywhere!

 

In bold letters you can see the basic ending that have to be attached in each case. Below each one of them in brackets you can find other options as well.

 

Let’s see what it means!

 

learn-more-stamp-oldred

1st group: vowel ending nouns

 

This is the simplest. Just add the ending in bold except the 3rd singular and plural (his/their), where you add a linking -j- ! Of course the last ‘a’ in a word becomes ‘á’ and an ‘e’ becomes ‘é’ as in almost all cases of conjugation and declination:

 

possessive singular endings in Hungarian

So what is the difference here in this last word? I tell you: wherever there was an option for it, front vowel endings were added: a zenéje, a zenétek, a zenéjük.

 

Have you realized that

a definite article is in front of each noun in the possessive?

So far…

 

When you say something like ‘My dog is faithful.’ – “A kutyám hűséges”, than you speak about one specific dog. It is a definite dog!

But when you say ‘I have a faithful dog.’ – “Van egy hűséges kutyám”, an indefinite article is used. We will learn this in another lesson of this course, at the moment just please remember to add a or az.

 

Advertisements

Tagged: , ,

3 thoughts on “The possessive singular – part 1.

  1. Peter Corite August 16, 2016 at 8:14 pm Reply

    Hello, tried to contact you at – teacher@hungarian-language-teacher.com, which bounced back with undelivered, no such email address, and gave a forwarding address – info@borbelyangela.hu. Just wanted to know:

    What are your skype teaching prices per hour/lesson/term? and in-person prices too if you do in-call or outcall? (i can get to budapest if you teach there?).

    Thanks

    Peter

    Like

    • hungarianonline August 18, 2016 at 3:28 pm Reply

      Hello Peter,
      thank you for turning my attention to this, it was a great help, the problem was solved on the website. Unfortunately, I can’t give lessons at the moment, I teach only 1 student once a week, this is all I could solve with my (almost) 3 months old baby, who needs me all the time. I am setting up a website during his sleeps with useful lessons to cover most questions of grammar and conversational topics. It takes time, but I am trying to launch it as soon as possible. I will let students know through my websites and in e-mails when it is ready.

      Like

  2. […] Have a look at the beginning of this lesson: The possessive singular – part 1. […]

    Like

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: