This is a post in English, because if you want to learn the possessive singular, you must be a beginner 🙂
Possessive case in Hungarian is expressed mainly by personal endings attached to the end of the nouns.
In this post you’ll learn about the singular possessive which means one has one thing and not more of them.
E.g. in English:
John’s hat – singular possessive (one single hat he has)
John’s hats – plural possessive (2 or more hats he has)
In the table below you can see the endings for the possessive (which are very similar to the verbal endings in definite conjugation).
Before we continue you have to make sure that you are familiar with the front vowels and back vowels in Hungarian language. Vowel harmony is there everywhere!
In bold letters you can see the basic ending that have to be attached in each case. Below each one of them in brackets you can find other options as well.
Let’s see what it means!
1st group: vowel ending nouns
This is the simplest. Just add the ending in bold except the 3rd singular and plural (his/their), where you add a linking -j- ! Of course the last ‘a’ in a word becomes ‘á’ and an ‘e’ becomes ‘é’ as in almost all cases of conjugation and declination:
So what is the difference here in this last word? I tell you: wherever there was an option for it, front vowel endings were added: a zenéje, a zenétek, a zenéjük.
Have you realized that
a definite article is in front of each noun in the possessive?
When you say something like ‘My dog is faithful.’ – “A kutyám hűséges”, than you speak about one specific dog. It is a definite dog!
But when you say ‘I have a faithful dog.’ – “Van egy hűséges kutyám”, an indefinite article is used. We will learn this in another lesson of this course, at the moment just please remember to add a or az.