Verb conjugation 1 – regular verbs 3 + summing it all up

In the previous posts we saw regular verb conjugation in the present tense.

 

Before we continue let’s repeat, what we’ve learned:

 

Endings of verbs that contain back vowels a, á, o, ó, u, ú:

1st singular: -ok             1st plural: -unk
2nd singular: -sz            2nd plural: -tok
3rd singular: —              3rd plural: -nak

Endings of verbs that contain front vowels e, é, i, í:
1st singular: -ek             1st plural: -ünk
2nd singular: -sz            2nd plural: -tek
3rd singular: —             3rd plural: -nek

End the endings of present tense for verbs that also contain rounded front vowels ö, ő, ü, ű:
1st singular: -ök             1st plural: -ünk
2nd singular: -sz            2nd plural: -tök
3rd singular: —             3rd plural: -nek


Hungarian verb conjugation

There is something else you have to be careful with. It is very simple yet important. If the stem of the verb ends in -s, -sz, -z then you cannot add a -sz ending in the second person singular. The reason for this is that you would not be able to pronounce clearly sg. like mossz, keressz, főzsz.

So in these cases the 2nd person singular ends in -ol/-el/-öl (depending on vowel harmony).

Let’s see 3 examples, 1 for each type:

mos – to wash

én mosok

te mosol

ő mos

vesz – to buy

én veszek

te veszel

ő vesz

főz – to cook

én főzök

te főzöl

ő főz


Például:

Egy héten 2-szer hajat mosol. – You wash your head (literally: you wash your hair) twice a week.

Milyen kenyeret veszel a boltban? – What bread do you buy at the shop?

Mit főzöl vacsorára? – What do you cook for dinner?


So let’s some up all the endings:

1st singular: -ok/-ek/-ök                      1st plural: -unk/-ünk
2nd singular: -sz or -ol/-el/-öl              2nd plural: -tok/-tek/-tök
3rd singular: —                                       3rd plural: -nak/-nek

 

That’s it! So easy 🙂

 

Angéla

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