Verb conjugation 1 – regular verbs 2

In the previous post we saw regular verb conjugation in the present tense. Before we continue with verbs, let’s repeat a little bit what we learned about regular verbs:

  • infinitives of Hungarian verbs end in -ni;
  • to get the form of the 3rd singular, simply leave out the -ni ending;
  • in order to conjugate your verb in the present tense (get the other forms of the verb) you need to add personal endings to the form of 3rd singular;
  • you need to remember vowel harmony and be very careful with it.

 

In the previous post you saw back vowel verbs. Now let’s see 2 front vowel verbs:

beszélto speak
én beszélek            mi beszélünk
te beszélsz             ti beszéltek
ő beszél                 ők beszélnek
 
siet – to hurry
én sietek               mi sietünk
te sietsz                ti siettek
ő siet                     ők sietnek
 
Some of the endings in Hungarian will have not only a front and a back vowel variation, but also one for rounded vowels (ö, ő, ü, ű). It is not always like this, but it is in case of the verbs. These rounded vowels are also front vowels, but these verbs cannot have the ending you saw above. Let’s see an example:

ülto sit

én ülök            mi ülünk
te ülsz              ti ültök
ő ül                  ők ülnek

 
Endings of verbs that contain front vowels e, é, i, í:
1st singular: -ek             1st plural: -ünk
2nd singular: -sz            2nd plural: -tek
3rd singular: —             3rd plural: -nek

End the endings of present tense for verbs that also contain rounded front vowels ö, ő, ü, ű:
1st singular:ök             1st plural: -ünk
2nd singular: -sz            2nd plural:tök
3rd singular: —             3rd plural: -nek
 
Például (for example):
Hol vagy? – Itt ülök, nem látsz?. – Where are you? – Here I am sitting, can’t you see me?
Mari a konyhában ül. – Mary is sitting in the kitchen.
Beszélsz magyarul? – Do you speak Hungarian.
Igen, egy picit beszélek magyarul. -Yes, I Hungarian a little bit.
Bocsánat, de most sietek. – I am sorry, but I am in a hurry now.
Mari mindig siet. – Mary is always in a hurry.
 
Angéla

Tagged: , , , , ,

One thought on “Verb conjugation 1 – regular verbs 2

  1. Julia August 23, 2015 at 2:18 pm Reply

    Like!

    Liked by 1 person

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: